Perioperative Nutritional Considerations In Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Authors

  • Barbara Bielawska, MD, MSC, FRCPC Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, University of Ottawa

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.58931/cibdt.2024.2123

Abstract

Despite significant advances in medical therapy for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in recent decades, surgical management remains common in the setting of both Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). While the risk of colectomy for UC has declined in the biologic era, most patients with CD will undergo at least one intestinal resection in their lifetime. Preoperative nutritional status is a wellestablished determinant of surgical morbidity. Surgery elicits a metabolic stress response that is proportional to the extent of surgical injury. Adequate lean body and micronutrient stores are needed for healing of surgical incisions, and the individual must be metabolically capable of anabolism for tissue repair. Deficits at any point in this process may lead to complications including anastomotic failure, surgical site infections, delayed return of gastrointestinal (GI) function, and postoperative physical disability with prolonged length of hospital stay.

Author Biography

Barbara Bielawska, MD, MSC, FRCPC, Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, University of Ottawa

Dr. Barbara Bielawska, MD, MSc, FRCPC, Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, University of Ottawa. Dr. Barbara Bielawska is an Assistant Professor of Medicine at the University of Ottawa and has been working as a clinician investigator at The Ottawa Hospital since 2018, where she is the Medical Lead for Inpatient Nutrition and the Medical Director of the Home TPN program. She trained at Queen’s University (MD, Internal Medicine, M.Sc. in Clinical Epidemiology) and the University of Toronto (Gastroenterology and Fellowship in Clinical Nutrition). Dr. Bielawska is a member of the Canadian Malnutrition Taskforce advisory committee. Her clinical and research interests include disease related malnutrition, intestinal failure, sarcopenic obesity and bariatric malnutrition, as well as parenteral and enteral nutrition support for benign and malignant disease.

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Published

2024-06-05

How to Cite

1.
Bielawska B. Perioperative Nutritional Considerations In Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Can IBD Today [Internet]. 2024 Jun. 5 [cited 2024 Jun. 18];2(1):14–19. Available from: https://canadianibdtoday.com/article/view/2-1-Bielawska

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Articles